Achyranthes aspera is diuretic and purgative. Chaff flowered, common weed of waste places. Schinz divided the family into two sub-families and tribes as follows: Stamens four loculed or anthers dithecous, ovary 1 to 2 ovuled. The small flowers often have one to three carpels and one or two basal ovules. shrubs or herbs. What are the general characters of bryophytes? Most of these species are herbs or subshrubs; very few are trees or climbers. Its primary or pivoting rootis short, while the secondary roots branch deeper in the soil. A number of species, including beets and quinoa, are important food crops, and several are cultivated as garden ornamentals. Chenopodiaceae. The stems are sometimes jointed or succulent. Plants under-shrubs or shrubs (Bosia, Ptilotus). Omissions? Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Amaranthaceae. Its members are typically herbaceous plants or subshrubs, many of which can tolerate poor saline soils. Amaranthaceae (s.l.) Celosia cristata (Cockscomb), Gomphrena globosa (Globe amaranthus) are cultivated in gardens. Axillary or terminal spikes (Achyranthes, Digera). The fruit juice of Deeringia is a substitute for red ink. Members of Amaranthaceae are more or less succulent herbs, often with swollen nodes. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Cyperaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Chenopodiaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Many species in the family are C4 plants, meaning they photosynthesize with a special mechanism of carbon fixation; the family represents the largest collection of plants with that photosynthetic pathway. The stems, roots, leaves, or flowers of many species are red in colour because of the presence of characteristic betalain pigments. The Amaranthaceae family is composed of 2,360 species and 146 of them are found in Brazil (Table 1). Amaranthaceae Family This warm-season salad green can help fill the gap between spring and fall harvest of cool-season greens. Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae) Close-up view of inflorescence showing top of capsule (A) and shiny seed (B). Important Types. The Amaranthaceae consist of annual or perennial, hermaphroditic, dioecious, monoecious, or polygamous herbs, vines, shrubs, or rarely trees. Statistics. Mostly herbs, rarely shrubs or undershrubs (Deeringia), annual or perennial (Bosia, Ptilotus). Leaves of Bosia amherstiana yield a black dye. Las Amaranthacea presentan hojas simples, opuestas y sésiles. Amaranthaceae (cockscombs, celosias, etc. Amaranthaceae is a large plant family in the order Caryophyllales. Most species in the Amaranthaceae are annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; others are shrubs; very few species are vines or trees. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 99-106 CABI Invasive Species Compendium. The members of this family occur all over the world. You might notice little green "globs" forming along an upright stalk, sometimes colored with specks of yellow, the … Amaranthaceae (s.str.) The family is very closely related with Verbenaceae. particularly \A arm and temperate regions. Affinities 5. Button flower of Globe amaranth, cultivated for deep pink heads. Subfamiliae: Amaranthoideae – Go… )A family of mostly annual herbs in which the leaves are entire and without stipules.The flowers are small, borne in dense, spike-like cymes, and are mostly unisexual; they have 3–5 scarious, green or brightly coloured perianth segments; 3–5 stamens; and a 1-celled ovary which forms a small, dry fruit. The family Amaranthaceae is commonly called ‘Amaranth family’. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? When matured, the stem becomes hollow inside. The flowers are often small and borne in dense inflorescences, and the simple leaves are usually arranged alternately along the stem. Decoction of Aerua tomentosa is used to remove swellings. Cultural Characteristics: Very hardy, drought tolerant, lots of sun, long … are endemic to Brazil, of which 13 are endemic to the Cerrado Biome (Table 1). Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 69-98; idem, 1, 6 (1972) 915-917 Backer, CA. Think you’ve got healthy eating figured out? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Amaranthaceae. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Statistics. Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. 3. Common garden ornamentals in the family include species of globe amaranth (Gomphrena) and cockscomb (Celosia); the genera Alternanthera and Iresine each have several species that are cultivated as bedding plants for their attractive and colourful leaves. family Amaranthaceae. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amaranthaceae: Subcategories. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge It nou includes the umwhile guissfit faimily Chenopodiaceae, an conteens aboot 165 genera an 2,040 species. Brayulinea. The fruit may be a capsule, utricle, nutlet, drupe, or berry. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, one ovuled, basal placentation, style filiform, stigma capitate. Amaranthaceae – Amaranth Family Plants in the Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae) are annual or perennial herbs (rarely subshrubs) with simple, exstipulate (lacking stipules) leaves, small or minute flowers with a superior ovary, and small, mostly dry, bladder-like, single-seeded, indehiscent fruit. Opposite, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, obovate, repand, acuminate, both the surfaces hairy, unicostate reticulate. Aerial, herbaceous or woody, erect or straggling, cylindrical, or angular, branched, solid, hairy, green or striped green. Updates? The largest genus, Amaranthus, contains about 70 species of herbs, including the ornamentals love-lies-bleeding, prince’s feather (A. hybridus), and Joseph’s coat (A. tricolor). Cotyledons. - Many species are also used as ornamentals. This sub-family has about 400 genera and 9000 species. However the Amaranthaceae differs from the Chenopodiaceae in having scarious bracts, membranous perianth and congested inflorescence. This is a widespread and cosmopolitan family found mostly in subtropical and tropical regions, although many species belong in cool temperate regions. It is a relatively large family, having about 65 genera and 900 species. You can also cook it like spinach or use it in stir fries. Wild perennial herb of waste places, 30 to 90 cm high. Twenty Amaranthaceae species are exclusive to the Cerrado (Table 1). Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The Family is divided into three sub – families: (a) Papilionaceae. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! 2012. Simple, alternate or opposite, petiolate, exstipulate, reddish in colour, unicostate reticulate venation. Many species have stems with thickened nodes. In Achyranthes 5 fimbriated scales alternate with 5 fertile stamens. Spike; flowers arranged along a pubescent axis that becomes rigid and much elongated during fruiting-as much as 60 cm. 1.1. Characters of Amaranthaceae 2. Seeds of Amaranthus caudatus are edible. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Members of the family can be annuals or perennials and commonly grow in saline soils. Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the advanced families of dicots. Ovary with one ovule, e.g. Stamens 3, free, antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. Familia: Amaranthaceae 1. Endospermic with polished testa, kidney-shaped embryo curved. Amaranthaceae A. JUSS. Amaranthaceae See list of 19 genera in this family Reference: Clemants (1992). Bicarpellary, or tricarpellary; syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, usually one campylotropous ovule; basal placentation; style short or filiform; stigma 2 or 3. 1949. The leaves are simple, spiral or opposite, ex stipulate, succulent or reduced in some taxa. Tepals 5, polyphyllous, ovate, persistent, green, glabrous, twisted, inferior. Some species are succulent. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants are the Amaranth family, contains about 160 genera and 2,400 species. General Characteristics: Amaranth Family (Greek Habit unfading, from the persistent -Usually herbs or suffrutescent shrubs, bracts and perianth) sometimes succulent; usually with concentric consists of annual or perennial, hermaphroditic, dioecious, monoecious, or polygamous herbs, vines, shrubs, or rarely trees. Bracteate, bracts persistent acuminate, ending in a spine, bracteolate, sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. Some species—namely, Inca wheat, or love-lies-bleeding (Amaranthus caudatus), red amaranth (A. cruentus), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)—are high-protein pseudo-grain crops of interest to agricultural researchers. The Amaranthaceae is of little economic importance. List of all species in AMARANTHACEAE plant family Where are the pollen grains formed in the flower? Flowers actinomorphic, hypogynous and hermaphrodite. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Th… Root: A branched tap root. Stamens 5 or 3 (Amaranthus), free or united, staminodes sometimes present, introrse, dithecous or monothecous (Alternanthera). There are about 110 native species in Western Australia and up to 15 naturalised species. Ovules 2 to many per carpel, e.g. Flowers small, inconspicuous and unisexual (Aerua, Amaranthus). Privacy Policy3. The flowers and seeds of Digera muricata (syn. The simple leaves are sometimes succulent or hairy and are usually arranged alternately along the stems. 5 fertile stamens alternating with 5 sterile and fimbriated scale-like staminodes; fertile stamens antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. Species of Amaranthaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 163 plant genera. Content Guidelines 2. Amaranthus, Achyranthes. Leaves opposite Choose this genus Salicornia. Corrections? (2015): 1. The fruits either have a circumscissile capsule or fail to… Subfamiliae: Amaranthoideae – Betoideae – Camphorosmoideae – Chenopodioideae – Corispermoideae – Gomphrenoideae – Polycnemoideae – Salicornioideae – Salsoloideae – Suaedoideae Alternative classification according to Hernández-Ledesmaet al. Habit: These are trees. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. What is its function? Inflorescence spikelet or capitate e.g. Tepals 3, distinct, ovate, acute keeled, green, valvate, inferior. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Amaranthaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Up to the Kingdom The leaves of Amaranthus viridis, A. spinosus and A. tricolor are also used as vegetables. Gynoecium bicarpellary and syncarpous. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 2a. Its stem(1) is robust, erect, cylindrical, succulent and fibrous. Cotyledons are elliptical to linear, 20 mm long by 3 mm wide, and the petiole is 5 mm long. makin it the maist species-rich lineage within the flouerin plant order o Caryophyllales. woody or climber with tendrils. In India it is represented by 50 species. The stem and leaves of Alternanthera are used in snake-bite. Amaranthaceae is a faimily o flouerin plants kent as the amaranth faimily. The entire plant is used to make medicine. It is a relatively large family, having about 65 genera and 900 species. Allergy information on plants in AMARANTHACEAE family. Mostly anemophilous and in some plants entomophilous. It is a small family comprising 65 genera and 850 species which are chiefly represented in tropical and temperate regions. Many taxonomists have felt that the family is not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors. Leaves exstipulate, opposite (Gomphrena, Alternanthera). Gomphrena, Alternanthera. Amaranthaceae, amaranth family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales) with about 175 genera and more than 2,500 species, mostly herbs and subshrubs, distributed nearly worldwide. by Julian Bode. Chen, S-H & Y-C Ling. It has thick stripes on the outside, and shades of green, red, pink, brown or purple, depending on variety. Stamens two loculed or anthers monothecous; ovary one ovuled. Tepals 2, ovate, green, inferior, valvate. The Amaranthaceae is related to the Chenopodiaceae by the possession of monochlamydous flowers, uniseriate stamens and single basal ovule. - This family also contains many agricultural weeds. Amaranthaceae definition is - a cosmopolitan family of herbs and low shrubs (order Caryophyllales) having bracteate flowers in dense clusters for which many members are cultivated. How are waste products excreted in amoeba? Use variegated varieties as ornamentals. 6. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, quadrangular, rough, branched, solid, hairy, green. Test your knowledge of grains and other healthy seeds with this quiz. 81 ratings rating ratings . Answer Now and help others. AMARANTHACEAE - Amaranth Family. & J.Presl. Dry one seeded achene or several seeded capsule or one to several seeded berry. amaranth family. These are primarily included because names of species rank … Ninety-eight species within the family are found in the Cerrado and 73 spp. (Now considered a subfamily of the Amaranth Family) Look closely at a beet, chard, or spinach plant the next time you see one going to seed in the garden. The Amaranthaceae are distinctive in being herbs to trees with anomalous secondary growth, simple leaves (succulent to reduced in some), bristlelike, pigmented bracts in some, a uniseriate perianth of mostly 3–5 [0–2, 6–8] sepals, basally connate stamens of same number and opposite perianth parts, a 1-loculed, mostly 1-ovuled ovary with basal placentation, seeds with curved embryo, and betalain … Share Your PDF File The small flowers can be bisexual or unisexual and are often borne in dense spikes; several leaflike bracts usually are present below each flower. Description: Simple, alternate or opposite leaves; often pubescent flowers, usually in spikes or racemes.Weeds and vegetables. Distribution of Amaranthaceae 3. D. arvensis) are given for urinary discharges. The wood of the perennial stem has a typical "anomalous" secondary growth; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal. Also known as tassel flower, this species is often cultivated for its showy inflorescence. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA COUNTIES VEGETABLE PLANT Page FAMILIES 3 AMARANTHACEAE: AMARANTH or PIGWEED FAMILY Amaranths, celosias. Plants mostly herbs, a few shrubs, leaves exstipulate and simple; opposite or alternate, hairy; flowers small, incospicuous and usually with bracts and bracteoles, actinomorphic, arranged in spikes or racemes; perianth 2 to 5, uniseriate, green or coloured, free or united; stamens 3 to 5 free, dithecous, antiphyllous (opposite the perianth segments); gynoecium bi or tri-carpellary, unilocular with a single basal ovule; fruit one seeded nutlet. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, basal placentation, ovule one; style three, persistent, stigma capitate, hairy. Share Your Word File The fruits are small one-seeded capsules, orange to reddish purple or straw-brown; with their pointed tips, they readily adhere to animals and clothing. The Plant List includes 7,717 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Amaranthaceae. A phylogenetic analysis of Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae was carried out using sequence variation of the chloroplast gene rbcL.Our sampling included 108 species of these two families along with 29 species of Caryophyllales serving as outgroups. The species in this family are mostly annual or perennial herbs, although a few species are shrubs or small trees. The primary roots can become woody and take a huge size especially when separated from other plants. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? 1. What is a mushroom shaped gland? Share Your PPT File. Usually five tepals, free or united, sometimes two or three (Amaranthus), dry membranous, valvate or twisted, sometime, hairy, green or coloured, persistent, inferior. Left: Jataco, achita or quihuicha (Amaranthus caudatus), an edible herb from the Andes of South America. Of these … A family of over 900 annual and perennial species, predominantly herbs and shrubs but with a few climbers, found throughout tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. A list of all accepted names in Amaranthaceae is available in CSV format. Some genera are weeds e.g. Bracteate, sessile or sub-sessile, bracteolate, bracteoles two, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or unisexual hypogynous, small inconspicuous, green or variously coloured. An indehiscent achene enclosed within persistent perianth. The species in this family are mostly annual or perennial herbs, although a few species are shrubs or small trees. - Various genera are eaten as vegetables or pseudograins, such as beets (Beta), spinach (Spinacia), amaranth (Amaranthus) and goosefoot (Chenopodium). Stem: It may be herbaceous. Aerial, erect, herbaceous, angular, branched, green or striped, hairy. TOS4. It resembles Boraginaceae in fruit characteristics but is distinguished them sharply by the position of radicle. ex Bercht. rings of vascular bundles Amaranthus, Celosia, Digera, Achyranthes, Gomphrena etc. Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae have long been recognized as allied families that share a number of features: generally small flowers, one perianth whorl, a syncarpous gynoecium with a superior ovary and often only one ovule, basal or free-central placentation, pollen characteristics, centrospermous embryo development, betalain pigments, and P-type form (c) sieve-element plastids. 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