The Autonomous Region of Bougainville, which includes the islands of Bougainville, Buka, and an array of smaller atolls, is located in Oceania just east of mainland Papua New Guinea, from which it is not yet fully independent. German botanist Carl Ludwig Willdenow is … By 1996, a series of eight failed peace agreements, coupled with significant war-fatigue by members of all parties, quite suddenly intersected with a political crisis in … Antoine de Bougainville, a French navigator and military com­ mander who was the first Euro­ pean to take note of the plant, in Brazil, in 1768. Establishment of the Bougainville Public Services Commission. Establishment of Bougainville Government Services. B. spectabilis . Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific.With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. Photos copyright Ben Bohane/Wakaphotos.com Part 1: The crisis, the peace agreement and the promised referendum . The Bougainville Crisis is a delicate issue and Government must amicably address the situation. The Peace Agreement also mandated that a formal nonbinding referendum on the region’s future political 142. This paper analyses some of the key political and strategic dynamics of Bougainville’s promised referendum, due to be held between 2015 and 2020. Can­ berra: Strategic andDefence Studies Centre, Research School ofPacific Studies, Australian National Univer­ sity, 1990. The lack of a general history makes understanding the conflict a daunting prospect for the beginner, and the more specialised literature usually assumes a very great deal of knowledge about Papua New Guinean politics and history and about the anthropology of Bougainville. ‘The original [Panguna mine] agreement overrode our customs, denied us our land rights and was too rushed. 139. However, since November 1988 the nation has been overshadowed by the most serious national crisis since independence in 1975. The Bougainville Crisis (1988–1997) was the largest armed conflict in the Pacific since WW-II. The aim of this paper is to summarize the available data regarding the longer-term MHPS impact of the Bougainville Crisis. Bougainville: Perspectives ona Crisis, edited by Peter Polomka. Poaching is also a common problem with sandfish mariculture [61,73]. – Bougainville Public Services Commission. In 2001, the Bougainville Crisis (1989-98) ended with the signing of the Bougainville Peace Agreement that formalized ougainville’s status as an autonomous region within Papua New Guinea (PNG). The philosopher George Santayana once famously observed that ‘those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it’. The Bougainville Peace Agreement (BPA) signed in 2001, at the Arawa Independence Oval is a joint creation by the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the leaders of Bougainville to resolve the Bougainville Crisis For the past year one of the world's biggest mines The Panguna landowners, led by Pepetua Serero The war, which was the largest armed conflict in the Pacific since WW-II [1–3] ISBN 0-7315-0907-0,xi + 110 pp, maps, appendixes. The Bougainville conflict 1987 The present conflict on Bougainville began in 1987 as the dispute over compensation due for the use of land by the Bougainville Copper Limited (BCL) mining company, a subsidiary of Conzinc Riotinto Australia (CRA), flared. consequences for Bougainville, PNG and the immediate region. A$25 plus postand packaging. Despite this, there has been no assessment of the Mental Health and Psychosocial (MHPS) impact of the war. ’ A Nasioi militant landowner APART from If the people of Bougainville vote for independence and are unable to reach agreement with the government of Papua New Guinea, the Bougainville issue may precipitate another regional crisis. 9. 141. The aim of this paper is to summarize the available data regarding the longer-term MHPS impact of the Bougainville Crisis. Total number of HTML views: 0. The Bougainville Crisis refers to a civil war that occurred between 1988 and 1997 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG), now known as the Auton-omous Region of Bougainville. Declarations of Loyalty, etc., Division 2. Now also available here as PDF (4MB) of the original. The Bougainville Peace Agreement. It provided over 45% of Papua New Guinea's national export revenue and was incredibly important to the economy. From the mid-1990s, accompanied by a ceasefire, a series of peace negotiations took place, which led to the signing of the Bougainville Peace Agreement (BPA) in 2001. Total number of PDF views: 0 * Bougainville if it wishes to remain a trusted peace and security broker in Melanesia. Download this paper (PDF) Introducing the Bougainville Crisis within its Global Context. Additionally, the emergence of Community Government also provides for local-level representation for Bougainvilleans under the Community Government Act that was passed in June 2016. 138. The Bougainville Crisis, edited by The mine b… Funds must be released immediately for Bougainvilleans to manage their own affairs. It finds continued relevance as islanders attempt to sue Riot Tinto in US courts using the Alien Tort Claims Act 1789 (see The Guardian, London, 8 September 2000, p. 17). In exploring the rich environmental, cultural and social heritage of Bougainville before the conflict, this collection provides an insight into the long-term causes of the crisis. Instead, Spicer's attempts to wrest control of Bougainville from its own people and its destiny was to spell the political ruin of Julius Chan and with that, the end of efforts to resolve the crisis militarily; the beginnings of real negotiations for peace, nine years after Francis Ona first threw down the gauntlet. The economic causes and consequences of the Bougainville crisis Herb Thompson Papua New Guinea has, until most recently, shown all the signs of a newly independent developing economy on the move. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain.Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide. The Bougainville Crisis (1988–1997) was the largest armed conflict in the Pacific since WW-II. The mine began production in 1972 under the management of Bougainville Copper Ltd, with Papua New Guinea as a 20% shareholder. To understand Bougainville and its path ahead, it is essential to May and Matthew Spriggs (eds), The Bougainville Crisis (Bathurst: Crawford House Press, 1990), p. 73. As Bougainville prepares for a referendum on independence, Australia must navigate a policy response that acknowledges the history of conflict and colonialism there, Bougainville nationalism, PNG sensitivities, the principles of the guiding Bougainville Peace Agreement and new geostrategic realities to help forge a lasting solution. 1 For example, Colin Filer, ‘The Bougainville Rebellion, the Mining Industry and the Process of Social Disintegration in Papua New Guinea’, in Ron J. THE BOUGAINVILLE CRISIS* * This paper was written in 1990, in what proved to be an early stage of the Bougainville conflict, and describes the origins of the conflict (it draws on a 1989 consultancy report by the author). 1768 French explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville is the first European to reach the island.. 1886 and 1898 Anglo-German accords see Bougainville, ethnically and geographically part of the Solomons, become part of German New Guinea. 143. The Government must not mistreat Bougainville people but extend … This paper was written after a project evaluation visit to Bougainville and the Solomon Islands in 1989. 1921 Australia wins a League of Nations mandate over what is now Papua New Guinea, including Bougainville. Former combatants from the Bougainville crisis are given similar representation, with the three members also elected from north, south and central regions. It contradicts our way of life; what comes from the land should benefit the landowners … nobody else. The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville conflict, was a multi-layered armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG) between PNG and the secessionist forces of the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), and between the BRA and other armed groups on Bougainville. This was the first member of the genus to be identified from Brazil in 1798. 140. The discovery of vast copper ore deposits in Bougainville's Crown Prince Range in 1969 led to the establishment of a huge copper mine by the Australian company Conzinc Rio Tinto. At the time, the Panguna open cut mine was the largest in the world. Responsibility of heads of Bougainville Government Services to Bougainville Executive Council. The Bougainville Crisis: A South Pacific Crofters' War Alastair Mclntosh As Papua New Guinea (PNG) moves through its fifteenth year of indepen­ dence, this democratic Pacific island nation of 3.5 million people is in tur­ moil over social change, land rights and ecological disasters. It was designed to offer people a platform to express their memories related The BPA granted Bougainville autonomous status, establishing the Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG). Images of the Crisis: Painting memories and experiences of Bougainville conflict (1988-2001) The Bougainville Art Project was proposed in 2012 by the PNG Red Cross, the University of Papua New Guinea and the International Committee of the Red Cross. It identifies a number of significant risks, primarily located in the period before and after the vote. Canberra Papers onStrategy andDefence. Despite this, there has been no assessment of the Mental Health and Psychosocial (MHPS) impact of the war. 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