As was pointed out (correctly): "Not all _ American woodworkers of the past are obscure figures", but by and large we do not know or understand there lives and circumstances. An article like this (in the current environment) is likely to provoke some to suggest that furniture made by slave owners should be destroyed. © 2013 - 2017 Wood and Shop Productions & Joshua T. Farnsworth | All content on WoodAndShop.com is copyrighted and may not be reprinted or used without our written consent. Plus tips, advice, and special offers from Fine Woodworking. Wiltshire worked in the cabinet shop owned by Anthony Hay, and like the building he worked in, the “very good cabinetmaker” was Hay's property. “Very Good,” is purely for marketing purposes and as a justification for the higher price being asked for him (Hay owned a large Williamsburg Tavern when he died in 1770 and owned 19 slaves—most of whom would have been employed in tavern work). Dimensions OH: 28 3/16"; OW: 34 1/2"; OD: 22" Credit Line Museum Purchase. 404 S Henry St. Williamsburg, … Steps 1-5 | Beginner’s Guide to Hand Tool Woodworking, STEP 1: UNDERSTAND & BUY THE RIGHT WOODWORKING HAND TOOLS, STEP 2: SETUP YOUR WOODWORKING WORKSHOP & TOOL STORAGE, STEP 3: LEARN HOW TO REFURBISH, TUNE, & SHARPEN HAND TOOLS, STEP 4: LEARN HOW TO USE WOODWORKING HAND TOOLS, STEP 5: LEARN HOW TO DESIGN WOODWORKING PROJECTS, Steps 6-10 | Beginner’s Guide to Hand Tool Woodworking, STEP 6: LEARN HOW TO CHOOSE STABLE, STRONG, & BEAUTIFUL WOOD, STEP 7: LEARN TO PREPARE WOOD: SQUARE, FLAT, STRAIGHT, & SMOOTH, STEP 8: JOINERY: LEARN HOW TO LAYOUT & CUT JOINTS, STEP 9: LEARN HOW TO ASSEMBLE, FASTEN, & GLUE-UP WOODWORKING PROJECTS, STEP 10: LEARN HOW TO TRADITIONALLY FINISH WOODWORKING PROJECTS, Colonial Williamsburg Hay Cabinet Shop Tour (part 1), Secret Mitered Dovetails with Kaare Loftheim at Colonial Williamsburg, Treadle Lathe Wood Turning at Colonial Williamsburg Hay Cabinet Shop, Resawing Wide Boards at Colonial Williamsburg Hay Cabinet Shop, Dry Fitting a Walnut Chair with Brian Weldy at Colonial Williamsburg, Stunning Colonial Williamsburg Mother Plane Collection, Making Cabriole Legs with Dave Heller Part 2, Making Cabriole Legs with Dave Heller Part 1, Attach a Moravian Workbench Top with Blind Pegging, Awesome Geometric Marquetry Introduction with Dave Heller, How to Make Workbench Dogs, Dog Holes & Holdfast Holes, How to Use a Combination Plane for Woodworking, How to Refurbish a Combination Plane for Woodworking, How to Choose Wood Lumber for Woodworking {7 Simple Steps}, How to Square, Flatten, and Dimension Rough Boards with Hand Tools, How to Make Mortise and Tenon Joints with Hand Tools, PRIVACY POLICY, RULES, TERMS & CONDITIONS. Hand Tool Woodworkers and History Lovers will enjoy this video and photos! WoodAndShop.com recommends products, with links to online stores, some of which are part of affiliate programs. Click for full details. There is, relatively speaking, a wealth of documentary and material evidence of people like John Hemings of Monticello, plane maker Cesar Chelor, and North Carolina cabinetmaker Thomas Day. Colonel George Washington is home from the French and Indian War due to illness. Colonial Williamsburg, and the Anthony Hay’s cabinet shop, have held a special place in my memory since my youth. Regardless, the reproduction gave us the opportunity to tell a more complete story of Scott’s shop. Would love your thoughts, please comment. In a recreation of Anthony Hay’s cabinet shop (he was one of the original craftsmen at Williamsburg), watch today’s craftsmen explain the cabinetmaking trade to visitors as they produce furniture with the tools and designs of the era. I appreciate new perspectives into our past, through our future. Nice cliffhanger too. Nov 14, 2017 - VIDEO: Joshua shares a cinematic tour of the historic Hay's Cabinet Shop at Colonial Williamsburg. Comments are closed. In this video, he shows the progression of sleds he built, and unveils the final version. In an effort to notify the populace of his intention to leave town (he never actually left), Scott took out a newspaper ad announcing the sale of property, tools, wood, furniture and “Two Negroes, bred to the Business of a Cabinetmaker.” “Bred”—used more in a literal than metaphorical sense here—strongly implies that these were trained people. The Bad and the Beautiful of Period Apprenticeships, Come to the Colonial Williamsburg Conference on 18th-Century Desks, STL 50: Tool Bombs and Colonial Woodworking, Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking USB, From the Editor: Publishing during a pandemic, Save 56% off the magazine newsstand price. It was a busy and productive place; I made most of the furniture, cabinets, doors and floors there. Enter now for your chance to win more than $2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers. Hay Cabinetmaking Shop master cabinetmaker Mack Headley and his staff will conduct several demonstrations of late 18th-century bedroom furniture, a topic originally suggested by a member of the shop. That’s no surprise, since most craftspeople of the period did not sign their work. Chris Schwarz has worked out of his tool chests for decades, and finds them to be the perfect combination of protection, access, and flexibility. Gary Rogowski demonstrates his methods for this traditional yet strong breadboard end. ebay.com and Amazon.com) those affiliate links lead to referral compensation to us. I teach quite a bit and this wall cabinet is probably one of my favorite things to teach. (757) 220-1941. VERY, very nice! Of enslaved makers, we cannot set them free or ignore the realities of their time and place. It’s a must see. When names do appear on pieces, they typically belong to shop masters/owners alone, not to each individual employed on a given project. Yes, subscribe me to receive Joshua's latest free videos & articles! Wiltshire worked in the cabinet shop owned by Anthony Hay (the reconstruction of which, pictured above, is where I work at Colonial Williamsburg today). Williamsburg's reconstructed cabinet shop, on the site of Hay's business, is open to the public. Looking forward to part 2. Type of paper. Enjoyed this and am looking forward to the next video. Furniture historians often write of stylistic development, wealthy owners, and “celebrity” makers. Most enslaved craftspeople, however, come down through history as a name in a few records, like Wiltshire, or remain locked in anonymity. Instead, when we shift the focus from owners to makers, slaves shift from being mere property to people. While I respect those who dismiss some work for this powerful reason, I also wonder if their logic mirrors the problem more than it should. Colonial Williamsburg Foundationfrom 1976 to 1979 and from 1984 to 2011. Next. Benjamin Bucktrout, a cabinetmaker from London, England, came to Williamsburg in 1766. UNLIMITED membership - Get access to it all. These men have been keeping a detailed blog about their research and skills in the Hay’s Cabinet shop, and I feel that it is one of the most useful woodworking resources available, so please subscribe to it here and follow them on Facebook to get updates on their latest projects. Those feelings are still present, but challenged by emotions not normally associated with old furniture: anger, sorrow, confusion, and so on. Please enter your email address. I teach mostly students of color and there is not enough representation of people who look like them in the textbooks, or in the trades for that matter. He has special interests in the 18th-century furniture of central North Carolina, and is currently working collaboratively on a high chest of drawers from northwestern Virginia. Loved it Josh. It is easy for us to conjure up visions of period apprenticeship that are heavily romanticized, but in reality, each shop was a working business where making the next shilling superseded the need for the apprentice’s next lesson, Simple really, we ask Bill questions, and he answers them. Read through customer reviews, check out their past projects and then request a quote from the best cabinetry and cabinet makers near you. Browse more videos. For 40 hours a week, I work in the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop at Colonial Williamsburg and yes, my shoes have buckles and my sleeves an impressive poofiness. The result is an inclusive step toward a more complete history. Every woodworker who visits Colonial Williamsburg makes a stop at the Anthony Hay Shop as part of the trip. These guys are ooooold school, portraying 18th century cabinetmakers and adhering in every way possible to historical trade practices. I teach carpentry, and building trades and career and financial management. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Thanks for the article. They—and the periods of their known activity as cabinetmakers in Williamsburg—are: Peter Scott, 1732-75, who lived across the street from Bruton Parish Church and had his shop somewhere nearby, and who was, for forty years, a member of Williamsburg’s common council; Anthony Hay, 1751-67, whose “large Cabinet Maker’s Shop” has been re-created on its original Nicholson Street site, who … Muddy, as the document makes clear, was to be taught the trade alongside Spence, though his treatment was far from equal. The Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop in Williamsburg,Va. Skip to content. used this device to reproduce the decorated,veneered interior of a tool chest which you can now see there. Throughout the day I was very fortunate to get to know these highly skilled, yet modest, craftsmen. Today's craftsmen explain the cabinetmaking trade to visitors as they produce furniture with the tools and designs of Hay's era. Mike Pekovich has a sled for each job: a sled for cutting dovetails, one with a sliding fence for box joints, a sled with a lower fence and stops for cutting dadoes, one with a tall fence for cutting tenons, and a dedicated sled for mitered boxes. By Adam Cherubini Pages: 66-69. Glad you liked it Jason! Robert Walker was known for making high-end, fashionable pieces for some of Virginia’s wealthiest plantation-owning families. Cabinets Cabinet Makers. In 1771, a Williamsburg man named Wiltshire was described as a “very good cabinetmaker.” No surviving furniture can be directly attributed to his hands. Here are all my videos & articles of the Anthony Hay’s Cabinetmaking Shop at Colonial Williamsburg: Anthony Hay’s Cabinetmaking Shop Tour part 1; Anthony Hay’s Cabinetmaking Shop Tour part 2 A few properties west of the gaol (jail, preceding photo) on the north side of Nicholson Street is the cabinetmaker's shop. For many past makers—enslaved or free, white or black, man, woman, or child—those traces are all that remain. Additional discounts today: Take 10% off orders over $95 and 15% off over $300! We run our website based on principles of integrity, and don’t recommend any product that we wouldn’t use ourselves. As makers, we can use hand-wrought knowledge to find traces of enslaved makers through tool marks and other physical evidence. Cabinet Makers in Williamsburg on YP.com. Today the shop also practices the trade of harpsichord making, documented as part of the shops offerings in 1767. Make sure that you go visit the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop and tell these fellas that I sent you. In 1743, 16-year-old orphan Spence Monroe signed an apprenticeship indenture with cabinetmaker Robert Walker of King George County, Va. Monroe (the father of future president James Monroe) was born into a family of some means and brought his personal slave, Muddy, into the apprenticeship with him. Last year I met Kaare Loftheim (Shop Supervisor) at a tool meeting in Richmond, and he invited me to come film a tour of the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop. For a time however, they both learned the trade and worked alongside one another in one of Virginia’s premier cabinet shops. It is great to see what tidbits come out of an average day there. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Cabinet Makers in Williamsburg, VA. Browse ... Fitzgerald's Cabinet Shop. Clearly the work of several people rather than one maker, the original does not offer up enough information to separate out who did what or if any enslaved labor was involved. Not all African American woodworkers of the past are obscure figures among furniture makers and historians today. Become an UNLIMITED member and get it all: searchable online archive of every issue, how-to videos, Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking digital series, print magazine, e-newsletter, and more. He lives on a small farm in Earlysville, Virginia with his wife and four children, and builds furniture and teaches woodworking classes in his workshop. Early American stick and rabbet plane, made for the Hay cabinet shop at Colonial Williamsburg. Last year I met Kaare Loftheim (Shop Supervisor) at a tool meeting in Richmond, and he invited me to come film a tour of the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop. Last. For white Americans, an apprenticeship indenture (contract) was drawn up or agreed to verbally during the early teenage years. We’re accustomed to marveling at great furniture with pride and a hunger for inspiration. Our biweekly podcast allows editors, authors, and special guests to answer your woodworking questions and connect with the online woodworking community. I also build furniture at home in a 21st century way, though still mostly with hand tools and traditional joinery. 13191 Warwick Blvd. Cabinet Makers Kitchen Cabinets & Equipment-Household Cabinets. Records of their lives and work are scant, as are mentions of them in modern writings on craft and antiques. Equally crass, but no less informative, is a 1755 advertisement from Williamsburg cabinetmaker Peter Scott. Ramona Vogel, Journeyman Cooper. It was a real treat for me. Hay purchased the Nicholson Street property in 1756 and remained there until he left the cabinet trade in 1767 when Bucktrout became master of the shop. Creative Cabinet Works. Thank you for shining a light on the fact that enslaved people played a role in creating some of the classic American furniture that we all admire. In the above video I share the first part of my recent visit to the 18th century Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop at Colonial Williamsburg here in my home state of Virginia. It's not that big of a piece, but it packs in a…, Chris Gochnour's sideboard combines usefulness, strength, and beauty in a contemporary case piece. He rented the Palmer House at the end of Duke of Gloucester St., opened a shop and advertised that he did “all sorts of cabinet work, either plain or ornamental.” Palmer was a lawyer who had occupied this house in 1749 and who had had to rebuild it in 1855 since it had burned in 1754. The action is quite smooth. I hope you enjoy and please make it a priority to one day see Colonial Williamsburg. Mack most enjoys the investigation Colonial Williamsburg Hay Cabinet Shop Tour - Inside the Shop. In other words, by viewing the work primarily as a symbol of its owner’s power or a society’s ills, we continue the legacy of seeing the past only through the lens of the owner. Or is it? In Williamsburg's reconstruction of Anthony Hay's cabinet shop, he and his staff investigate the 18th century cabinetmaker's art with special interest in hand tool use, the application of classical design and proportion. Enslaved but skilled, Wiltshire was one of many enslaved African Americans working in trade shops throughout colonial America. I was particularly interested in capturing the feel of the Anthony Hay cabinet shop in Williamsburg. Very few high-end pieces from the period are fully removed from the long reach of slavery. I pieced this bench together from various pictures that included views of the bench and the document provided by the shop found on the internet at the below location. Little is known about how enslaved individuals entered into trade shops in the first place. We may never be able to pinpoint what traces of Wiltshire’s own hand remain on extant pieces attributed to Hay’s shop, but we can join the growing number of people interested in casting stories about such pieces in a more inclusive light. To view furniture with our minds on these makers is challenging. It is truly a magical place. Hanging on the wall was a nice two man frame saw and a smaller veneer saw you may recall seeing in an episode of The Woodwright’s Shop. Finding good historical information that is relevant to our craft if often difficult. For Wiltshire, the reference comes in an advertisement for the sale of Anthony Hay’s estate. Add a Comment. Because they work full time in the traditional cabinet making trade, they are perhaps the most skilled hand tool craftsmen in the world. BBB Rating: A+. Lost your password? Newport News, VA 23602. In referring to Wiltshire as a very good cabinetmaker, no one was offering a compliment for a job well done. Colonial Williamsburg Hay Cabinet Shop Tour (part 1) "Outside the Shop" Report. In doing this we not only honor our oft-forgotten predecessors, but we may also recognize something of ourselves in them. This past weekend he and his wife Melody opened their lovely home to me, and then Kaare and his colleagues kindly welcomed me into their historic workshop. Website (757) 877-2538. To some, this is the problem with high-style 18th-century furniture: It symbolizes the power elite of a slave-owning society and is tainted by that association. Get woodworking tips, expert advice and special offers in your inbox. MD, USA. Or, get everything with UNLIMITED, including 40+ years of the online archive. The physical features of a piece, its ownership history, and the name of the master cabinetmaker behind its production are not necessarily easy to get at, but they are far easier to study through documentary and physical evidence than the names and actions of each individual apprentice, journeyman, slave, and laborer who had a hand in its creation. “New” is probably not the best word because I’m referring to the Anthony Hay Cabinetmaker Shop blog that the cabinetmakers in Williamsburg have recently started. He shares some of the secrets that were standard fare for 18th-century American woodworking. One colonial Virginia record provides a rare glimpse at how a particular enslaved man came into cabinetmaking. The telling of history favors power. In the above video I share the third part of my recent visit to the 18th century Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop at Colonial Williamsburg here in my home state of Virginia.. The Hay Cabinet Shop is the best of the craft shops in Williamsburg. The 3rd. If users make purchases in those stores (e.g. Subscribe to get Joshua's free traditional woodworking videos, articles & news: Joshua loves mixing his passion for woodworking with his ability to teach in a simple manner. More about all that later. Objects in this view become animated, the sites of countless decisions and actions. Alone, he reflects on … These emotions do not provoke the viewer or student to learning or understanding what is in front of tem. it's typical for each workman to own his or her own tools and often at the end of the day, … Free shipping! Here are all my videos & articles of the Anthony Hay’s Cabinetmaking Shop at Colonial Williamsburg: Here are some more photographs that I took while at the workshop: Always enjoy your post and you tube videos. photo shows the "T" tracks that the brass guide blocks slide in. Any product claim about a service or product should be verified with the manufacturer. When I look at a piece of furniture from the past I am NOT filled with emotions of: "anger, sorrow, confusion, and so on". From the November 2005 issue #151 Buy this issue now. The tea table pictured below (we need to finish that) is reproduced from a Walker original. Welcome to the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop here at Colonial Williamsburg, one of the things that Cabinet makers have done for centuries is practice the art of social distancing less about personal space and more in the spirit of just keep your hands off my stuff in the British and American traditions of woodworking. Like the shop building itself, the “very good cabinetmaker” named Wiltshire was the property of Anthony Hay. This is from my last trip to Williamsburg. Colonial Williamsburg, and the Anthony Hay’s cabinet shop, have held a special place in my memory since my youth. John Peeler is an Apprentice Cabinetmaker in the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop. Apr 20, 2015 - VIDEO: Joshua shares a cinematic tour of the historic Hay's Cabinet Shop at Colonial Williamsburg. All the folks there are so patient and great sources of information on period techniques and processes. Attributed to Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop Maker Anthony Hay Attributed to Edmund Dickinson Attributed to Benjamin Bucktrout Origin America, Virginia, Williamsburg. Christmastide 1757. Part 2 is now waiting for you :). Before you hire a cabinet professional in Williamsburg, Virginia, shop through our network of over 247 local cabinetry and cabinet makers. This workbench is a Nicholson style work bench modeled from pictures of one of the benches found in the Anthony Hay's cabinet shop located in Williamsburg, VA. Colonial Williamsburg—Travel with Roy to Colonial Williamsburg to take a look at 18th-century craftsmanship including a visit with a wheelwright, a cooper and a blacksmith, as well as a look inside the Anthony Hay Cabinet Shop. Known for efficiency in his work, Mike Pekovich has built a few iterations of his sled for making mitered boxes. Instead, terms like “good” or “very good” often preceded a trade name in reference to enslaved individuals to denote that they were trained (presumably through something akin to apprenticeship). Playing next. This is undeniably true. Like us, they were human being: flawed and virtuous in varying degrees. Monroe himself was granted his freedom from the indenture and went on to run his own shop. They deserve to be recognized for that. My first stop was that Anthony Hay Cabinetmaker’ Shop… The Anthony Hay Cabinetmaker’s Shop at Colonial Williamsburg. Located in Williamsburg, Buckeye Cabinet & Supply is a cabinet building specialist. Nonetheless, much of their work must still be hiding in plain sight in public and private collections. Hand Tool Woodworkers and History Lovers will enjoy this video and photos! After all, elaborately carved tea tables are beautiful and speak to an owner’s tastes and status as well as to the skill of their named maker. Glad you liked it Jonathan! I’d like to introduce them to you below: Kaare Loftheim, Journeyman Cabinetmaker, Shop Supervisor  bio, Edward Wright, Journeyman Harpsichord Maker  bio, Bill Pavlak, Journeyman Cabinetmaker  bio. We have created these special content collections organized to give you a deep dive into a range of topics that matter. 91: 513 "A Glass Act" TBA: Sash joinery, or making windows, is the ultimate test of organizational skills. Roy Underhill has made many visits to this recreated 18th-century woodworking shop to learn about traditional tools and techniques. Cabinet shop 1, 2 & 3: Women in trades: A Cabinet maker: Resawing Wide Boards at Colonial Williamsburg Hay Cabinet Shop: Calculate your paper price. 21St century way, though his treatment was far from equal in plain sight in public and collections... 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